Multi-Head Monitoring of Metric Dynamic Logic


Title: Multi-Head Monitoring of Metric Dynamic Logic
Author: Martin Raszyk (martin /dot/ raszyk /at/ inf /dot/ ethz /dot/ ch)
Submission date: 2022-02-13

Runtime monitoring (or runtime verification) is an approach to checking compliance of a system's execution with a specification (e.g., a temporal formula). The system's execution is logged into a trace—a sequence of time-points, each consisting of a time-stamp and observed events. A monitor is an algorithm that produces verdicts on the satisfaction of a temporal formula on a trace.

We formalize the time-stamps as an abstract algebraic structure satisfying certain assumptions. Instances of this structure include natural numbers, real numbers, and lexicographic combinations of them. We also include the formalization of a conversion from the abstract time domain introduced by Koymans (1990) to our time-stamps.

We formalize a monitoring algorithm for metric dynamic logic, an extension of metric temporal logic with regular expressions. The monitor computes whether a given formula is satisfied at every position in an input trace of time-stamped events. Our monitor follows the multi-head paradigm: it reads the input simultaneously at multiple positions and moves its reading heads asynchronously. This mode of operation results in unprecedented time and space complexity guarantees for metric dynamic logic: The monitor's amortized time complexity to process a time-point and the monitor's space complexity neither depends on the event-rate, i.e., the number of events within a fixed time-unit, nor on the numeric constants occurring in the quantitative temporal constraints in the given formula.

The multi-head monitoring algorithm for metric dynamic logic is reported in our paper ``Multi-Head Monitoring of Metric Dynamic Logic'' published at ATVA 2020. We have also formalized unpublished specialized algorithms for the temporal operators of metric temporal logic.

Change history: [2022-02-23]: added conversion from the abstract time domain by Koymans (1990) to our time domain; refactored assumptions on time domain (revision c9f94b0ae10e)
  author  = {Martin Raszyk},
  title   = {Multi-Head Monitoring of Metric Dynamic Logic},
  journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
  month   = feb,
  year    = 2022,
  note    = {\url{},
            Formal proof development},
  ISSN    = {2150-914x},
License: BSD License
Depends on: Containers
Status: [ok] This is a development version of this entry. It might change over time and is not stable. Please refer to release versions for citations.