Bounded Natural Functors with Covariance and Contravariance

Andreas Lochbihler 🌐 and Joshua Schneider 📧

April 24, 2018

This is a development version of this entry. It might change over time and is not stable. Please refer to release versions for citations.


Bounded natural functors (BNFs) provide a modular framework for the construction of (co)datatypes in higher-order logic. Their functorial operations, the mapper and relator, are restricted to a subset of the parameters, namely those where recursion can take place. For certain applications, such as free theorems, data refinement, quotients, and generalised rewriting, it is desirable that these operations do not ignore the other parameters. In this article, we formalise the generalisation BNFCC that extends the mapper and relator to covariant and contravariant parameters. We show that
  1. BNFCCs are closed under functor composition and least and greatest fixpoints,
  2. subtypes inherit the BNFCC structure under conditions that generalise those for the BNF case, and
  3. BNFCCs preserve quotients under mild conditions.
These proofs are carried out for abstract BNFCCs similar to the AFP entry BNF Operations. In addition, we apply the BNFCC theory to several concrete functors.


BSD License


Session BNF_CC