A Formalization of Declassification with WHAT-and-WHERE-Security


Title: A Formalization of Declassification with WHAT-and-WHERE-Security
Authors: Sylvia Grewe (grewe /at/ cs /dot/ tu-darmstadt /dot/ de), Alexander Lux (lux /at/ mais /dot/ informatik /dot/ tu-darmstadt /dot/ de), Heiko Mantel (mantel /at/ mais /dot/ informatik /dot/ tu-darmstadt /dot/ de) and Jens Sauer (sauer /at/ mais /dot/ informatik /dot/ tu-darmstadt /dot/ de)
Submission date: 2014-04-23
Abstract: Research in information-flow security aims at developing methods to identify undesired information leaks within programs from private sources to public sinks. Noninterference captures this intuition by requiring that no information whatsoever flows from private sources to public sinks. However, in practice this definition is often too strict: Depending on the intuitive desired security policy, the controlled declassification of certain private information (WHAT) at certain points in the program (WHERE) might not result in an undesired information leak.

We present an Isabelle/HOL formalization of such a security property for controlled declassification, namely WHAT&WHERE-security from "Scheduler-Independent Declassification" by Lux, Mantel, and Perner. The formalization includes compositionality proofs for and a soundness proof for a security type system that checks for programs in a simple while language with dynamic thread creation.

Our formalization of the security type system is abstract in the language for expressions and in the semantic side conditions for expressions. It can easily be instantiated with different syntactic approximations for these side conditions. The soundness proof of such an instantiation boils down to showing that these syntactic approximations imply the semantic side conditions.

This Isabelle/HOL formalization uses theories from the entry Strong Security.

  author  = {Sylvia Grewe and Alexander Lux and Heiko Mantel and Jens Sauer},
  title   = {A Formalization of Declassification with WHAT-and-WHERE-Security},
  journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
  month   = apr,
  year    = 2014,
  note    = {\url{http://isa-afp.org/entries/WHATandWHERE_Security.shtml},
            Formal proof development},
  ISSN    = {2150-914x},
License: BSD License
Depends on: Strong_Security
Status: [ok] This is a development version of this entry. It might change over time and is not stable. Please refer to release versions for citations.