Gromov Hyperbolicity


Title: Gromov Hyperbolicity
Author: Sebastien Gouezel
Submission date: 2018-01-16
Abstract: A geodesic metric space is Gromov hyperbolic if all its geodesic triangles are thin, i.e., every side is contained in a fixed thickening of the two other sides. While this definition looks innocuous, it has proved extremely important and versatile in modern geometry since its introduction by Gromov. We formalize the basic classical properties of Gromov hyperbolic spaces, notably the Morse lemma asserting that quasigeodesics are close to geodesics, the invariance of hyperbolicity under quasi-isometries, we define and study the Gromov boundary and its associated distance, and prove that a quasi-isometry between Gromov hyperbolic spaces extends to a homeomorphism of the boundaries. We also prove a less classical theorem, by Bonk and Schramm, asserting that a Gromov hyperbolic space embeds isometrically in a geodesic Gromov-hyperbolic space. As the original proof uses a transfinite sequence of Cauchy completions, this is an interesting formalization exercise. Along the way, we introduce basic material on isometries, quasi-isometries, Lipschitz maps, geodesic spaces, the Hausdorff distance, the Cauchy completion of a metric space, and the exponential on extended real numbers.
  author  = {Sebastien Gouezel},
  title   = {Gromov Hyperbolicity},
  journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
  month   = jan,
  year    = 2018,
  note    = {\url{},
            Formal proof development},
  ISSN    = {2150-914x},
License: BSD License
Status: [ok] This is a development version of this entry. It might change over time and is not stable. Please refer to release versions for citations.